Non Synchronous Buck Converter Application

Last modified by Microchip on 2023/11/09 08:54

DC/DC Conversion Step-Down (Buck) Switch-Mode Power Converters

The purpose of this module is to help you design different low-power applications and provide insight into how simple non-synchronous buck converters can be used to develop solutions for non-typical requirements. The following provides examples of converter applications that fulfill a variety of industry requirements.

MCP16301/H 36V Input Voltage Non-Synchronous Buck Converter

The MCP16301 is a highly integrated, high-efficiency, fixed frequency, step-down Direct Current (DC)-DC converter in a popular six-pin SOT-23 package that operates from input voltage sources up to 30V. Integrated features include a high-side switch, fixed frequency Peak Current Mode Control, internal compensation, peak current limit, and overtemperature protection. Minimal external components are necessary to develop a complete step-down DC-DC converter power supply.

MCP16301 Applications

• PIC® Microcontroller and dsPIC® Digital Signal Controller Bias Supply
• 24V Industrial Input DC-DC Conversion
• Set-Top Boxes
• Domain Specific Language (DSL) Cable Modems
• Automotive
• Wall Cube Regulation
• Sealed Lead Acid (SLA) Battery-Powered Devices
• Alternate Current (AC)-DC Digital Control Power Source
• Power Meters
• D2 Package Linear Regulator Replacement
• Consumer
• Medical and Health Care
• Distributed Power Supplies

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MCP16301 Non-Synchronous Buck Regulator Application Circuit Example

The MCP16301/H step-down converters operate over a wide input voltage range, up to 36V maximum. Typical applications include generating a bias or VDD voltage for the PIC® microcontrollers, digital control system bias supply for AC-DC converters, 24V industrial input, and similar applications.

Typical application circuit for MCP16301

This circuit example offers up to 96% efficiency with a wide input voltage range (4.5V to 30V) and step-down to 3.3V at 600 mA output. The output voltage is currently set at 3.3V and can be adjusted to a wide range from 2V to 15V. The integrated N-channel switch offers low RDSon at 460 mΩ. The following diagrams show the MCP16301 load operation and efficiency, with a fixed 5V output.

  • The boost diode is used to provide a charging path from the low-voltage gate drive source, while the switch node is low. The boost diode blocks the high voltage of the switch node from feeding back into the output voltage when the switch is turned on, forcing the switch node high.
  • A standard 1N4148 ultra-fast diode is recommended for its recovery speed, high voltage blocking capability, availability, and cost. The voltage rating required for the boost diode is VIN.
  • The efficiency of the converter is a function of the forward drop and speed of the freewheeling diode. A low forward drop Schottky diode is recommended. The current rating and voltage rating of the diode is application dependent. The diode voltage rating should be a minimum of VIN, plus margin. In the circuit example, a diode rating of 40V should be used because the application is designed to have a maximum input of 30V.

MCP16301 load operation

MCP16301 power conversion efficiency

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MCP16301 Demo/Evaluation Boards

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