Arm® TrustZone® Technology Getting Started Application on PIC32CM LS60: Step 2

Last modified by Microchip on 2024/06/26 14:54

  

Configure the Secure Real-Time Clock (RTC) Peripheral Library.

Under the bottom left Device Resources tab, expand Harmony > Peripherals > RTC.

Double-click or drag and drop RTC to add the RTC Peripheral Library (PLIB) to the Project Graph.

Project Graph

Figure 1

In the Clock Easy view, verify the RTC clock is set to run at 1 kHz internal ultra-low-power clock.

When a module is added to the Project Graph, MPLAB® Code Configurator (MCC) automatically enables the clock to the module. The default RTC clock source is an internal 1 kHz ultra-low-power clock (OSCULP1K).

RTC verification in Clock Easy view

Figure 2

Note: On the PIC32CK SG01 device, the RTC can be clocked through several low-power clock sources of 1 kHz and 32 kHz as shown in Figure 2. The 1 kHz clock source retained (OSCULP1K) is enough to generate time periods of 500 milliseconds, 1 second, 2 seconds, and 4 seconds.

Go back to the Project Graph and configure the RTC PLIB to generate a compare interrupt every 500 milliseconds.

rtc configuration setup

Figure 3

Note: The Compare Value is set as 0x200. This compare value generates an RTC compare interrupt every 500 milliseconds

  • RTC clock = 1024 Hz
  • RTC Prescaler = 1
  • Required Interrupt rate = 500 ms

Hence, Compare Value = (500/1000) x 1024 = 512 (i.e., 0x200).

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Configure the Secure I²C Peripheral Library and Secure I²C pins.

Under the Device Resources tab, expand Harmony > Peripherals > SERCOM.

Double-click on SERCOM5 to add the SERCOM Instance 5 to the project.

sercom selection

Figure 4

Select the SERCOM 5 Peripheral Library and configure it for the I²C protocol as shown in Figure 5.

sercom setup

Figure 5

Note:

  • The SERCOM5 (as I²C) retains the default 100 kHz speed because the temperature sensor chip on I/O1 Xplained Pro Extension Kit can operate at 100 kHz I²C speed.
  • The SERCOM5 (as I²C) retains the default 50-100 nanoseconds hold time for Serial Data (SDA) Hold Time because it aligns with the minimum (50 nanoseconds) start hold time specified in the specification of the temperature sensor chip (AT30TSE758).
  • The SERCOM5 (as I²C) retains the default 100 nanoseconds for I²C Trise time because it aligns with the maximum (300 nanoseconds) input rise time specified in the specification of the temperature sensor chip (AT30TSE758).

Open the Pin Configuration tabs by clicking Project Graph > Plugins > Pin Configuration.

open pin configuration

Figure 6

Select the Pin Settings tab and sort the entries by Ports, as shown in Figure 7.

sercom pins setup

Figure 7

Now, select the Pin Settings tab and then scroll down to the SERCOM5 module as follows:

  • Enable I²C Data (I²C_SDA) (SERCOM5_PAD0) on PB30 (Pin #95) as Secure mode.
  • Enable I²C Clock (I²C_SCL) (SERCOM5_PAD1) on PB31 (Pin #96) as Secure mode.

     

    sercom pins setup

    Figure 8

This completes the configuration of the I²C peripheral library. The application code will use the I²C PLIB Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to read temperature from the temperature sensor.

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Configure the Non-Secure Universal Synchronous Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (USART) Peripheral Library and USART pins.

Under the tab Device Resources tab, expand Harmony > Peripheral > SERCOM.

Double-click on SERCOM3 to add the SERCOM instance 3 to the project.

sercom selection

Figure 9

Select the SERCOM3 Peripheral Library in the Project Graph and verify default SERCOM Operation Mode configuration is set as USART. Configure it as shown in Figure 10.

sercom setup

Figure 10

Verify the default baud rate is set to 115200 Hz.

Note:

  • SERCOM3 (as USART) interrupt is disabled because Direct Memory Access (DMA) will be used (configured in the following steps) to transfer application buffer to the USART TX register and also receive data from USART RX register.
  • As per the "PIC32CM LS60 Curiosity Pro Evaluation Kit" design, SERCOM3 PAD0 and SERCOM3 PAD1 are used for SERCOM3 (as USART) data transmission and reception.
  • The application will use the SERCOM3 (as USART) PLIB for printing messages on the serial terminal and reads a character from serial terminal as a user request to read last five stored temperature values from Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory (EEPROM).

Select the Pin Settings tab and then scroll down to the SERCOM3 module.

  • Enable USART_TX (SERCOM3_PAD0) on PB20 (Pin #68) as NonSecure Mode.
  • Enable USART_RX (SERCOM3_PAD1) on PB21 (Pin #69) as NonSecure Mode.

     

    uart sercom pins setup

    Figure 11

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Configure the Non-Secure DMA Peripheral Library.

Open the DMA Configuration tabs by clicking Project Graph > Plugins > DMA Configuration

open dma configuration

Figure 12

Click on the DMA Settings tab.

  • Configure DMA Channel 0 to transmit application buffer to the USART TX register. The DMA transfers one byte from the user buffer to USART transmit buffer on each trigger.

  • Configure DMA Channel 1 to receive the USART RX register data to application receive buffer. The DMA transfers one byte from the USART receive buffer to the user buffer on each trigger.

Based on the trigger source, the DMA channels configuration is automatically set by MPLAB Code Configurator (MCC).

  • Trigger Action: Action taken by DMA on receiving a trigger.
    • One beat transfer: Generally used during a memory-to-peripheral or peripheral-to-memory transfer.
    • One block transfer: Generally used during the memory-to-memory transfer on a software trigger.
  • Source Address Mode, Destination Address Mode: Select whether to increment Source/Destination Address after every transfer. Automatically set by MCC based on the trigger type. For example:
    • If the trigger source is USART transmit, then the Source Address is incremented, and the Destination Address is fixed.
    • If the trigger source is USART receive, then the Source Address is fixed, and the Destination Address is incremented.
  • Beat Size: Size of one beat. The default value is 8 bits. For example:
    • If the Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) peripheral is configured for 16-bit/32-bit mode, then the beat size must be set to 16-bits/32-bits respectively.

Click on Add Channel to add DMA channels and configure the DMA channels.

en DMA ch0 ch1

Figure 13

conf ch0 ch1

Figure 14

Note:

  • USART transmit buffer empty event triggers DMA to transfer one byte of data from source (user buffer) to destination (USART Tx register). When all the requested bytes are transmitted, DMA PLIB notifies the application by calling the registered DMA callback event handler.
  • USART receive timeout event triggers DMA to transfer one byte of data from the source (USART Rx register) to the destination (user buffer). When all the requested bytes are received, DMA PLIB notifies the application by calling the registered DMA callback event handler.

Launch NVIC Configuration by selecting Project Graph > Plugins > NVIC Configuration.
 

open nvic configuration

Figure 15

Click on the NVIC Settings tab. Verify that the DMAC_0 (DMA Channel 0) and DMAC_1 (DMA Channel 1) as NON-SECURE projects.

dma nvic

Figure 16

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